Major Farming Systems

Change in farming practices in the District

Paradigm shift of paddy farmer to other farming systems
Paddy farmers gradually converted their paddy plots to arecanut crop due to  scarcity of labours and high production cost. The arecanut growers shifted to Rubber Cultivation due to high infestation of pests and disease prevalence. At present shifted back to arecanut as there is no attractive remuneration from rubber cultivation.The area under arecanut crop was increased from  27645 ha to 93153 ha with the production of 33155  and 137052 Metric Tonnes respectively during the year 2009-2010 to 2019-2020 .

Fallow lands Utilization
A committee has been  constituted under the chairman ship of Mr.Srinivas Poojary.Incharge District Minister  involving Honourable MLA,Bantwal Taluk, Deputy Commissioner,Chief Executive Officer and Joint Director,Karnataka State Department of Agriculture.The purpose is to identify and utilise the fallow land(47102 ha) for paddy cultivation to ensure the supply of Kajejaya rice for BPL card holders of the district.

Utilisation of Agristorage tanks for aquaculture
Farmers used to have irrigation facilities(well/tank/farm ponds) created on their own expenditure to meet the water requirement for farm.But at present agri storage tanks are built under the scheme of Karnataka State Department of Agriculture through scheme .In these storage tanks fish farming activity has been promoted as an avenue of income generation.

Major Farming Systems/Enterprises (based on the analysis made by the KVK)

S. No

Farming System/Enterprise






Black gram, Green gram, Cowpea and Horse gram


Oil Seeds




Brinjal, Bhendi, cowpea, Ash gourd, Amaranths, Littlegourd, Ridge gourd, Pumpkin, Cucumber, Tapioca, Basella, Sweet potato and Other vegetable



Banana, Pineapple, Papaya, Jackfruit and Mango


Plantation Crops      

Arecanut, Coconut, Cashew, Pepper, Rubber, Vanilla and Cocoa     


Flower Crops           

Marigold, Jasmine and Crossandra


Animal Husbandry  

Dairy, Piggery, Poultry and Fisheries